Corn

Quality: Free from live insects
Packing: Containerized in bags and Bulk in vessel
Product Category:

  • Animal Feed
  • Cattle Feed
  • Poultry Feed

Feeding Value of Corn
Compared with other feed grains, corn is lower in protein and slightly higher in energy. Corn contains approximately 70 percent starch on a dry-matter basis. Other important fractions in the corn kernel include protein, fiber and minerals.

The protein in corn is approximately 55 to 60 percent escape or bypass protein. Escape protein is protein that is not fermented or degraded by the ruminal microorganisms, but is digested and absorbed by the animal in the small intestine. The remaining 40 to 45 percent of the protein in corn is rumen-degradable protein. Ruminal microorganisms require rumen-degradable protein for use in growth and protein synthesis.

Most research with corn indicates a substantial benefit to providing rumen-degradable protein in diets containing corn. Back grounding or finishing diets containing high levels of corn require supplemental rumen degradable protein in the form of nonprotein nitrogen (urea or biuret), natural protein sources such as sunflower meal, canola meal or soybean meal, or a combination of nonprotein nitrogen and natural protein.

Like all cereal grains, corn is low in calcium and relatively high in phosphorus. Diets containing high levels of corn should include a supplemental calcium source, such as limestone, to prevent urinary calculi. The recommended calcium-to-phosphorus ratio in back grounding and feedlot diets is a minimum of 2-to-1 (two parts calcium to one part phosphorus).
 

Nutrient content of Corn using different harvest, storage & process methods.

Corn Type

Dry Matter

TDN, %

NEm ,Mcal/lb

NEg ,Mcal/lb

CP, %

Escape Protein, % of CP

Dry Rolled Corn

86

90

1.02

0.70

9.8

60

Ear Corn

87

83

0.92

0.62

9.0

60

Steam-Flaked Corn

82

94

1.06

0.73

10.0

45

High Moisture Corn

75

90

1.02

0.70

10.0

40

High Moisture Ear Corn

75

83

0.92

0.62

8.7

40

High Moisture Snapped Corn

74

81

0.90

0.59

8.8

40